There is now a lot of focus on fixing mobile device issues, including mobile device performance issues, as users are still tied to their phones. Design, including mobile websites, official accounts, applets, and apps, is all mobile design, so we need to pay attention to mobile user experience.
The following are five skills of mobile interaction design that we offer for reference.
Tip 1. Pay attention to spacing between design elements
From a mobile user interface perspective, buttons, clickables, or clickable elements should be large enough and spaced far enough apart.
On desktop, visitors use mouse to navigate, which is a very precise tool, while on mobile, most users use their thumb. Thumbs are usually bigger than your tiny mouse cursor and can be a little uncomfortable, especially if you're browsing a website while walking or multitasking.
Therefore, sufficient space must be provided between buttons and elements so that visitors do not get frustrated when working with mobile devices.
You also need to consider accessibility and how visitors will hold smaller devices. Some people can hold their phone or tablet with their left hand, some with their right, and some with both hands. In any case, website design should be easy to navigate.
Finally, users also use their thumbs to scroll through web pages on their devices, so you need to make sure there are no large interactive elements on page that users accidentally tap while scrolling.
Tip 2: Make sure your text and fonts are readable
The first step is to choose a font that is easy to read. Keep in mind that users are often on foot, multi-tasking, or on go using smaller devices, and they may find themselves in less than ideal scenarios when trying to navigate your website.
Creating a visual hierarchy based on font size is another way to help mobile users quickly view and understand page content. It also helps with mobile devices or tablets where title text can wrap. Using same font and size throughout entire page can lead to confusion about meaning of page.
In design, you can also increase line height between lines of text to improve page readability.
Once you have decided on font and size, you also need to consider color contrast.
Because visitors may be indoors or outdoors or in poor lighting conditions, it is important to maintain standards for background and foreground color contrast.
We recommend a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1 for regular text and 3:1 for large text.
Tip 3: Make sure your hover animation works best
Complex animations and video backgrounds are typically disabled on mobile devices for performance reasons.useful as they slow down loading of your site, especially for mobile web visitors. In 2018, mobile page speed became one of Google's ranking factors, and since then this type of change has become more common.
In general, animations and interactions should subtly support user experience and should not distract visitor. There is also no need to help visitor complete action.
Hover is another common design element that may look different on mobile devices. On a desktop, mouseover is when an object or image changes or displays text when visitor hovers over it with mouse. While this works well on large devices, on mobile devices user is not using a mouse, meaning user must click to see mouse hover.
Tip 4: Plan for your pop-ups and third-party elements
There has been a lot of debate about whether popup forms should be used on websites and whether popup forms should be implemented on mobile devices.
One reason to avoid form popups on mobile devices is because it makes it difficult for visitors to close form or message. When discussing popup forms with your client, you can weigh all of these elements and choose best user experience for your form design. When taking a mobile-centric design approach, it's helpful to think about how elements will fit on smaller devices. For example, a pinned button on right side of screen will scroll like a desktop visitor, but these types of pinned items take up less space on mobile devices.
While some elements such as interactive chat and accessibility widgets can be added at last minute, planning them early in web design can help avoid cluttering user interface.
Tip Five: Rethink Form Design and Layout
Filling out and submitting forms on smaller mobile devices or tablets can annoy your visitors. That's why it's so important to consider alternatives to forms in website design.
When creating menu navigation for mobile devices, consider including a click-to-call phone number in header so that visitors can easily reach business.
When designing all forms on your website, it's a good idea to keep number of form fields to a minimum for both desktop and mobile, and to be clear about which fields are required.
One of tips for working with mobile forms is to design form labels rather than just using alt text for form fields. Mobile visitors are easily distracted by other notifications and interactions, so theycan be interrupted in middle of filling out a form and forget what is listed in placeholder text.
Finally, position of form on page and how it can be adjusted with a responsive layout is critical as position of the form can affect conversions.